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Long-Term Evolutionary Change in the Lumen of Intracranial Atherosclerotic Stenosis Following Angioplasty and Stenting.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown); 14(2): 128-138, 2018 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28637237

BACKGROUND:

Angioplasty and stenting is a recognized treatment option for patients with intracranial atherosclerosis.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the long-term evolutionary luminal changes of intracranial atherosclerosis after angioplasty and stenting.

METHODS:

This was a retrospective study with patient consent. Eighty-two patients presenting with acute and minor cerebral ischemia due to stenosis ≥70%, who had received medical therapy with or without stenting (Wingspan), were invited. Luminal imaging was provided using 3-dimensional rotational angiography (3-DRA) at baseline and 12 mo, and cone-beam computed tomography angiography with intravenous contrast (CBCT) was provided at follow-up (median 82.4 mo [interquartile range 61.9-96.9 mo]).

RESULTS:

Thirty-six patients in the stenting group and 26 patients in the medical group were recruited and completed the study. There was no statistically significant difference in demographics between the 2 patient groups. The luminal gain at 12 or 80 mo as compared to baseline in the stenting group was significantly greater than that in the medical group (12 mo: median gain 30% vs 7.2%, P < .001; 80 mo: median gain 42.9% vs 7.2%, P < .0001). Luminal loss or unchanged lumen was correlated with recurrent ischemic event. The differences in the stenosis degree assessment between CBCT and 3-DRA in the same 10 patients with or without stenting were 1.2 ± 0.6% or 0.2 ± 0.06%, respectively. There was a correlation between recurrent ischemic events and luminal loss.

CONCLUSION:

Arterial lumen after angioplasty and stenting can probably be well maintained and delayed luminal gain does occur, long-term luminal loss is associated with recurrent ischemic events, CBCT might be useful as a less-invasive means for long-term assessment.