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Therapeutic ultrasound after sciatic nerve compression of Wistar rats.

Neurol Res; 39(9): 837-844, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28689485

OBJECTIVES:

The present study analyzed the effect of therapy with therapeutic ultrasound on the sciatic nerve after compression injury, comparing two similar doses of SATA.

METHODS:

In total, 32 Wistar rats were used, divided into the following groups: CG - control; IG - compression injury of the sciatic nerve; IGCU - injury and continuous ultrasound; and IGPU - injury and 20% pulsed ultrasound. The treatment with ultrasound started on the 3rd postoperative day, with a frequency of 1 MHz, 0.4 W/cm² (SATA) for IGCU. IGPU received 2.0 W/cm (SATP), with 20% of the active cycle, for 3 minutes. The treatment was performed on a daily basis, totaling 15 days of therapy. Evaluations were performed for functional, histological, and morphometric forms.

RESULTS:

Both the Sciatic Functional Index and the withdrawal threshold and grip strength failed to show an advantage of using therapeutic ultrasound. For the morphometric evaluations of nerve fiber diameter and axons, myelin sheath thickness, and G quotient and nerve fiber estimates, IGPU values were estimated to be significantly lower. The morphological analysis revealed intense inflammatory response and neovascularization, as well as degeneration of axons and the myelin sheath, for the injury group and IGCU; however, IGPU showed greater tissue disorganization.

CONCLUSION:

There were no significant differences, showing functional or nocicepitive recovery of the treated groups, including with characteristics pointing to the pulsed group with worse results.