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The role of genetic analysis for predicting outcome of rheumatoid arthritis.

Expert Rev Mol Diagn; 17(9): 809-814, 2017 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28707487

INTRODUCTION:

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) varies from a mild to a severe, unremitting illness characterized by uncontrolled inflammation with consequent damage to cartilage and bone of joints. Individualized therapeutic approaches based on likely outcome would facilitate a personalized therapeutic approach.Areas covered: Genetics is known to contribute a significant component of the variability in RA outcome, estimated at 45-60%. A number of candidate gene studies have been associated with variability in radiologically assessed joint damage; however a more comprehensive genome wide analysis is required to more fully characterize the genetic basis of RA severity.Expert commentary: Genetic profiling of patient presenting with RA has the potential to aid stratification based on predicted prognosis, this would inform the clinical development of a personalized therapeutic approach. It will also result in the identification of novel mediators of tissue damage in RA.