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Depression Among Older Adults: A 20-Year Update on Five Common Myths and Misconceptions.

Am J Geriatr Psychiatry; 26(1): 107-122, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28735658
Is depression among older adults symptomatically different than younger adults? Is it more common or chronic or difficult to treat? Is depression in late life more likely to be attributed to psychological problems? Twenty-years ago, Dan Blazer, a pioneer known for his groundbreaking work on depression in older adulthood, conducted an important review of the existing literature to refute five commonly held beliefs about depression in late life. Now, two decades later, we call upon selected articles that are representative of our current knowledge to provide an update and identify research priorities. The research consensus spanning the past 20 years suggests that when compared with their younger counterparts, depression in older adults is not more common and is not more often caused by psychological factors. Although some studies have suggested that depression in late life may be symptomatically different and characterized by a more somatic presentation, there is insufficient empirical evidence to conclude that depression presents differently across adulthood. Overall, older adults respond to psychological interventions as well as younger adults, although evidence suggests that antidepressants are less efficacious in late life. Finally, compared with middle-aged adults, depression in older adults is associated with a more chronic course (i.e., higher rate of relapse), which is likely moderated by medical comorbidity. This special article summarizes our current understanding of the nature and treatment of late-life depression and highlights areas of inquiry in need of further study.