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GEIS-21: a multicentric phase II study of intensive chemotherapy including gemcitabine and docetaxel for the treatment of Ewing sarcoma of children and adults: a report from the Spanish sarcoma group (GEIS).

Br J Cancer; 117(6): 767-774, 2017 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28787430

BACKGROUND:

First Spanish trial of Ewing sarcoma (ES) including adults and children with the aim to test the efficacy of Gemcitabine and Docetaxel (G/D) in newly diagnosed high-risk (HR) patients.

METHODS:

This was a prospective, multicentric, non-randomised, open study for patients ⩽40 years with newly diagnosed ES. HR patients (metastatic, axial-pelvic primaries or bone marrow micrometastasis) received 2 window cycles of G/D. Patients with an objective response (OR) to G/D received 12 monthly cycles of G/D after completion of mP6. The primary end point was the OR rate to the G/D window phase and the event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) for all patients. The study is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (identifier: NCT00006734).

RESULTS:

Forty-three patients were enroled, median age 17 years (range, 3-40). After a median follow-up of 43.4 months, the 5-year OS rate is 55.0% (95% CI, 41-74%) with an EFS of 50.0% (95% CI, 36-68%). The 5-year OS and EFS rates for standard risk (SR) patients was 76.0% (95% CI, 57-100%) and 71.0% (CI, 54-94%); for HR 36.0% (CI, 20-65%) and 29.0% (CI, 15-56%). Twelve of 17 (70.6%) high-risk (HR) patients showed an OR (7 PR and 5 SD) to G/D window therapy. The 5-year OS rate for patients ⩽18 years of age was 74.0% (CI, 56-97%) and 31.0% for >18 years (95% CI, 15-66%), P<0.001. Grade 4 adverse events during mP6 occurred in 28/39 of patients (72%) and did not correlate with age. Multivariate survival analyses with <18 vs ⩾18 and risk groups significant differences, P<0.00001. Using a Cox model for OS, both age and risk group were statistically significant (P=0.0011 and P=0.0065, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

Age at diagnosis is an independent prognostic factor superior to the presence of metastases with 18 years as the strongest cut-off. The mP6 regimen provided survival curves that plateau at 3 years and G/D produced significant responses in HR-ES that is worth further exploring.