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A Droplet Digital PCR Method for Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Newborn Screening.

J Mol Diagn; 19(5): 755-765, 2017 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28826609
Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) benefits from early intervention via hematopoietic cell transplantation to reverse T-cell lymphopenia (TCL). Newborn screening (NBS) programs use T-cell receptor excision circle (TREC) levels to detect SCID. Real-time quantitative PCR is often performed to quantify TRECs in dried blood spots (DBSs) for NBS. Yet, real-time quantitative PCR has inefficiencies necessitating normalization, repeat analyses, or standard curves. To address these issues, we developed a multiplex, droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) method for measuring absolute TREC amounts in one DBS punch. TREC and RPP30 levels were simultaneously measured with a Bio-Rad AutoDG and QX200 ddPCR system. DBSs from 610 presumed-normal, 29 lymphocyte-profiled, and 10 clinically diagnosed infants (1 X-linked SCID, 1 RAG1 Omenn syndrome, and other conditions) were tested. Control infants showed 14 to 474 TREC copies/µL blood. SCID infants, and other TCL conditions, had ≤15 TREC copies/µL. The ddPCR lower limit of quantitation was 14 TREC copies/µL, and the limit of detection was 4 TREC copies/µL. Intra-assay and interassay imprecision was <20% CV for DBSs at 54 to 60 TREC copies/µL. Testing 29 infants with known lymphocyte profiles resulted in a sensitivity of 88.9% and a specificity of 100% at TRECs <20 copies/µL. We developed a multiplex ddPCR method for the absolute quantitation of DBS TRECs that can detect SCID and other TCL conditions associated with absent or low TRECs and validated this method for NBS.