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Continuous Subcutaneous Recombinant Parathyroid Hormone (1-34) Infusion in the Management of Childhood Hypoparathyroidism Associated with Malabsorption.

Horm Res Paediatr; 89(4): 271-277, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28926829

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Hypoparathyroidism associated with malabsorption can be particularly challenging to manage due to limited and erratic intestinal absorption of calcium and vitamin D analogues, resulting in episodes of hypo- or hypercalcaemia. We evaluated the role of continuous subcutaneous recombinant parathyroid hormone (rhPTH 1-34) infusion (CSPI) in children with hypoparathyroidism associated with intestinal malabsorption resistant to conventional therapy.

METHOD:

Four patients (8-13 years of age), with symptomatic hypocalcaemia resistant to conventional therapy, were started on CSPI (follow-up 3-8 years) in two paediatric endocrinology units in Europe.

RESULTS:

Serum calcium normalized within 48 h of commencing treatment in all 4 patients. An average rhPTH 1-34 dose of 0.4 µg/kg/day resulted in a substantial reduction in symptomatic hypocalcaemia and hypo-/hypercalcaemia-related hospital admissions. An increased alkaline phosphatase activity was noted in the first 6 months on CSPI, indicating an increase in bone turnover. In 2 patients with elevated urinary calcium excretion before CSPI, this normalized in the first year on treatment. No significant side effects were noticed in the short or long term, with patient-reported preference of CSPI over conventional treatment.

CONCLUSION:

CSPI is a promising and effective treatment option for managing hypocalcaemia and hyperphosphataemia in children with hypoparathyroidism associated with intestinal malabsorption.