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A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 6-Thioguanine Nucleotide Levels and Clinical Remission in Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

J Crohns Colitis; 2017 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28981590

Resumo

Background and Aims: Thiopurines are widely used in the management of inflammatory bowel diseases. However, their minimum effective dose and dose-response relationship remain undefined, and evidence about their use in clinical practice is mostly heterogeneous. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed: i] to assess the clinical value of 6-thioguanine nucleotide thresholds; and ii] to compare mean 6-thioguanine nucleotide concentrations between patients in clinical remission vs. those with active disease. Methods: A systematic literature search was carried out using four databases. Statistical heterogeneity was assessed with the I2 statistic followed by subgroup and sensitivity analyses. Odds ratios were computed using the random-effects model. Results: A total of 1384 records were identified in the systematic search, of which 25 were retained for further analysis: 22 were used in the cut-off comparisons and 12 were used in the 6-thioguanine nucleotide mean differences analysis. The global odds ratio for remission in patients with 6-thioguanine nucleotide levels above the predefined thresholds was 3.95 (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.63-5.94; p < 0.001]. When considering the different thresholds individually, the odd ratios were significant for values above 235 pmol/8 × 108 and 250 pmol/8 × 108 red blood cells [2.25 and 4.71, respectively]. Mean 6-thioguanine nucleotide levels were higher among patients in clinical remission, with a pooled difference of 63.37 pmol/8 × 108 red blood cells [95% CI, 31.81-94.93; p < 0.001]. Conclusions: This study reinforces the link between 6-thioguanine nucleotide levels and clinical remission in inflammatory bowel diseases, also exploring the validity of specific 6-thioguanine nucleotide thresholds to predict clinical outcomes.