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Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) inhibits apoptosis of intestinal epithelial cells in Crohn's disease.

Pathol Res Pract; 2017 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29129496
Apoptosis in intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) prevents the development of Crohn's disease (CD), a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) inhibits apoptosis in osteosarcoma-derived U2OS cells via down-regulating the transcriptional activity of p53. However, the expression and function of Runx2 in CD remain unclear. In this study, Runx2 protein levels were decreased in the intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) of CD patients and in a mouse 2, 4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis model; in contrast, the expression levels of p53 and Bax, a p53-target gene, were increased. In a TNF-α-treated HT29 cell colitis model, the down-regulation of Runx2 was accompanied by the up-regulation of apoptotic markers, including cleaved caspase-3 and Bax. Furthermore, Runx2 overexpression effectively decreased TNF-α-induced Bax and cleaved caspase-3 expression levels. In conclusion, our data indicated that Runx2 might protect IECs from apoptosis in CD, thus revealing a novel molecular target for treating CD.