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Aliphatic hydrocarbons recovered in vegetables from soils based on their in-situ distribution in various soil humus fractions using a successive extraction method.

J Hazard Mater; 346: 10-18, 2018 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29232612
Aliphatic hydrocarbons (AHs) are major petroleum contaminants in the environment. In this study, the AHs bound to various soil endogenetic humus fractions were separated through successive extraction. Most of the AHs (46.1%) in soils were adsorbed onto/into humic acids (HA) and a small quantity of AHs (9.6%) were organic solvent extractable. AHs in B. chinensis were also analyzed since their potential risks to the residents through ingestion. AHs from C to C, so called high molecular weight AHs (HMWAHs), were dominant AHs in B. chinensis (85.5%) and soils (70.4%), followed by AHs from C to C whose mobility can be enhanced via binding to fulvic acids and then can be taken up by plant root lipids (soil-plant pathway). HMWAHs were mainly HA-bound and then were detained in the top soil layers. HMWAHs associated with fine topsoil particles could be transported to B. chinensis via the soil-air-plant pathway, including resuspension and aboveground plant cuticle capture. Results from Principal Component Analysis combined with Regression Analysis supported this assumption due to the positive correlations between HMWAHs concentration in B. chinensis and fine particle contents in soils. This work presents the distributions of petroleum contaminants that result from previously described behavior mechanisms.