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Postoperative therapy with infliximab for Crohn's disease: a 2-year prospective randomized multicenter study in Japan.

Fukushima, Kouhei; Sugita, Akira; Futami, Kitaro; Takahashi, Ken-Ichi; Motoya, Satoshi; Kimura, Hideaki; Yoshikawa, Shusaku; Kinouchi, Yoshitaka; Iijima, Hideki; Endo, Katsuya; Hibi, Toshihumi; Watanabe, Mamoru; Sasaki, Iwao; Suzuki, Yasuo. ; Surgical Research Group, the Research Committee of Inflammatory Bowel Disease, the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Labor of Japan
Surg Today; 48(6): 584-590, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29383596

PURPOSE:

The prevention of postoperative recurrence is a critical issue in surgery for Crohn's disease. Prospective randomized trials in Western countries have shown that the postoperative use of anti-tumor necrosis factor α-antibodies was effective in reducing the recurrence rate. We investigated the efficacy of infliximab (IFX) for the prevention of postoperative Crohn's disease recurrence.

METHODS:

We performed a prospective randomized multicenter study. Patients who underwent intestinal resection were assigned to groups treated with or without IFX. Immediately after surgery, patients in the IFX group received IFX at 5 mg/kg at 0, 2, and 6 weeks, followed by every 8 weeks for 2 years. The primary study outcome was the proportion of patients with endoscopic and/or clinical recurrence at 2 years after surgery.

RESULTS:

Thirty-eight eligible patients participated in this study: 19 in the IFX group and 19 in the non-IFX group. The disease recurrence rate in the IFX group was 52.6% (10/19), which was significantly lower than that in the non-IFX group (94.7% [18/19]).

CONCLUSION:

The postoperative use of IFX is effective in preventing Crohn's disease recurrence for 2 years.