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Clinical comparison between an opaque and a clear pit and fissures sealants: a 12-month split-mouth, randomized controlled study.

Clin Ter; 169(1): e5-e9, 2018 Jan-Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29446784


We design a clinical splith-mouth, randomized controlled study, in which the retention of an opaque and clear pit and fissures sealants were evaluated and their effectiveness compared at 6 and 12 months of follow up. A secondary aim was to evaluate the possibility of using a fluorescence based intra-oral camera through the clear sealant to monitor enamel demineralization.


Consecutive young adolescents with at least two molars with code 0, 1, 2 caries evidenced following the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS II) were enrolled. A split-mouth randomized allocation was carried out. One skilled operator applied the sealant under 3.5 X magnification. A second operator evaluated clinical retention and performed the intra-oral camera assessments at 6 and 12 months follow up.


A total of 42 patients, (20 males and 22 females, mean age 14.25) with 176 dental lesions were enrolled. Nine patients dropped out accounting for 26 teeth lost during follow up. Overall, a total of 150 sealed teeth were evaluated in the study. In 77 cases the clear sealant was used, while in 73 the opaque sealant was utilized. The opaque sealant rated 100% complete retention at 6 months, and 97.3% at 12 months, while the clear selant 91.8% and 85.9% respectively. Demineralization under clear selant was registered when sealant partial detachment occurred.


The overall retention rate of an opaque sealant was higher than that of a clear sealant after 12 months of follow-up. This difference may partly be due to difficulty in clinical detection of clear sealants during follow-up. Fluorescence based intra-oral camera seems useful to monitor enamel demineralization in clear sealant.