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Barriers and facilitators of diabetes services in Nepal: a qualitative evaluation.

Health Policy Plan; 33(4): 474-482, 2018 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29447397
For the past three decades, the burden of diabetes in Nepal has been steadily increasing, with an estimated 3% annual increase since the year 2000. Although the burden is increasing, the methods of addressing the challenge have remained largely unchanged. This study sought to assess the current state of diabetes services provided by health facilities and to identify the major barriers that people with diabetes commonly face in Nepal. For this qualitative study, we selected five health facilities of varying levels and locations. At each site, we employed three unique methods: a process evaluation of the diabetes treatment and prevention services available, in-depth interviews with patients and focus group discussions with community members without diabetes. We used thematic analysis to analyse the data. Our findings were organized into the five categories of the Ecological Model: Individual, Interpersonal, Organizational, Community and Public Policy. Sub-optimal knowledge and behaviors of patients often contributed to poor diabetes management, especially related to diet control, physical activity and initiation of drug treatment. Social support was often lacking. Organizational challenges included health provider shortages, long wait times, high patient loads and minimal time available to spend with patients, often resulting in incomprehensive care. Public policy challenges include limited services in rural settings and financial burden. The scarcity of financial and human resources for health in Nepal often results in the inability of the current healthcare system to provide comprehensive prevention and management services for chronic diseases. A multilevel, coordinated approach is necessary to address these concerns. In the short-term, adding community-based supplementary solutions outside of the traditional hospital-based model could help to increase access to affordable services.