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Screening and characterization of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae strains with resistance to pheazine-1-carboxylic acid.

Pestic Biochem Physiol; 145: 8-14, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29482735
Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) causes bacterial leaf blight (BLB) and can be effectively controlled by phenazine-1-carboxylic acid (PCA), an antibiotic secreted by Pseudomonas spp. PCA resistance in Xoo was investigated in this research. Only four PCA-resistant strains were obtained by extensive screening, and the resistance was genetically stable in only one of them (P4). P4 was also resistant to phenazine and 1-hydroxyphezine but not to captan, bismerthiazol, or streptomycin. The following were reduced in P4 relative to the parental wild type: growth, virulence, EPS production, extracellular cellulase production and activity, biofilm formation, and swimming ability. ROS accumulation was reduced, resistance to exogenous HO was increased, and expression of catalase genes and catalase activities were increased in P4, suggesting that PCA resistance in P4 results from a reduction in ROS production and/or an increased ability to metabolize ROS following PCA treatment. Given the low risk of Xoo developing PCA resistance and the reduced virulence and fitness of the resistant strain, PCA can be used in alternation with other common bactericides to control BLB in rice fields.