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A novel 1-acyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase homolog for the synthesis of membrane phospholipids with a branched-chain fatty acyl group in Shewanella livingstonensis Ac10.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun; 500(3): 704-709, 2018 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29678574
1-Acyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase (PlsC) plays an essential role in the formation of phosphatidic acid, a precursor of various membrane phospholipids (PLs), in bacteria by catalyzing the introduction of an acyl group into the sn-2 position of lysophosphatidic acid. Various bacteria produce more than one PlsC. However, the physiological significance of the occurrence of multiple PlsCs is poorly understood. A psychrotrophic bacterium, Shewanella livingstonensis Ac10, which produces eicosapentaenoic acid at low temperatures, has five putative PlsCs (PlsC1-5). We previously showed that PlsC1 is responsible for the production of PLs containing an eicosapentaenoyl group. Here, we characterized another putative PlsC of this bacterium named PlsC4. We generated a plsC4-disrupted mutant and found that PLs containing 13:0 found in the parental strain were almost completely absent in the mutant. The loss of these PLs was suppressed by introduction of a plsC4-expression plasmid. PLs containing 15:0 were also drastically decreased by plsC4 disruption. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of fatty acyl methyl esters derived from PLs of the parental strain showed that the 13:0 and 15:0 groups were an 11-methyllauroyl group and a 13-methylmyristoyl group, respectively. Phospholipase A2 treatment revealed that these fatty acyl groups were linked to the sn-2 position of PLs. Thus, PlsC4 is a new type of PlsC homolog that is responsible for the synthesis of PLs containing a branched-chain fatty acyl group at the sn-2 position and plays a clearly different role from that of PlsC1 in vivo.