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Inherited Deletion of 1q, Hyperparathyroidism, and Signs of Y-Chromosomal Influence in a Patient with Turner Syndrome.

Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29739732
We report a detailed phenotypic, cytogenetic, and molecular characterization of a patient diagnosed prenatally with Turner syndrome (TS). In addition to having typical TS clinical characteristics such as a webbed neck, high arched palate, and coarctation of the aorta, the patient had features less frequently seen in TS, including recurrent parathyroid adenomas, growth along the 75th-90th centiles on the TS height curve despite a minimal treatment with growth hormone, behavioral problems, and evidence of gonadal dysgenesis with testicular-like structures, such as seminiferous tubules lined by Sertoli cells and a contiguous nodule of Leydig cells. While fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) failed to detect Y-chromosome material in gonadal tissue or blood samples, chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) confirmed monosomy X, and a 4.69 Mb copy number loss on 1q31.2q31.3 (bp 192,715,814 to 197,401,180). This region involves genes including CDC73, which have been associated with hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor syndrome that features recurrent functional parathyroid adenomas as well as behavioral issues. This case illustrates how atypical features in a TS patient, such as robust growth and recurrent parathyroid adenomas, may suggest an underlying molecular etiology that should be explored by additional genetic diagnostic modalities. It is therefore appropriate in such cases to conduct further genetic testing, such as CMA and FISH, to explore other diagnostic possibilities and possibly prevent further complications. Key Terms: Turner Syndrome, Genetic testing, Hyperparathyroidism, Inherited 1q Deletion, Signs of YChromosomal Influence.