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Aberrant expression of redox regulatory proteins in patients with concomitant primary Sclerosing cholangitis/inflammatory bowel disease.

Exp Mol Pathol; 105(1): 32-36, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29852184


Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC) is a severe cholestatic liver disease characterized by progressive peri-biliary tract inflammation, elevated oxidative stress and hepatocellular injury. A hallmark of PSC patients is the concurrent diagnosis of Inflammatory Bowel Disease occurring in approximately 70%-80% of PSC patients (PSC/IBD). We previously reported dysregulation of key anti-oxidant pathways in PSC/IBD. The objective of this study was to expand previous data by examining the abundance of thioredoxins (Trx) in PSC/IBD.


Using hepatic tissue and whole cell extracts isolated from age-matched healthy humans and patients diagnosed with end stage PSC/IBD, the protein abundance of thioredoxin, thioredoxin reductase (TrxR1), and their downstream substrates peroxiredoxins was assessed.


Western blot analyses of thioredoxin and peroxiredoxin abundance revealed significant increases in abundance of Trx1 and TrxR1 whereas expression of thioredoxin-interacting protein was significantly decreased in PSC/IBD. Concurrently, abundance of cytosolic peroxiredoxins was not significantly impacted. The abundance of mitochondrial Trx2, along with peroxiredoxins 3, 5 and 6 were significantly decreased by concurrent PSC/IBD. Histological staining of Trx1/TrxR1 revealed elevated nuclear Trx1 and TrxR1 staining within cholangiocytes as well as an overall periportal increase in expression in PSC/IBD. An examination of additional anti-oxidant responses reveal suppression of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase and heme oxygenase (HO-1) whereas expression of the protein chaperone glucose regulated protein 78 increased suggesting elevated cellular stress in PSC/IBD.


Results herein suggest that in addition to severe dysregulation of anti-oxidant responses, cholestasis impacts both cytosolic/nuclear (Trx1) as well as mitochondrial (Trx2) redox signaling and control pathways.