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The role of HIV infection in the etiology and epidemiology of diarrheal disease among children aged 0-59 months in Manhiça district, Rural Mozambique.

Int J Infect Dis; 2018 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29852260

BACKGROUND:

Diarrhea is an important health problem among HIV-infected patients. This study evaluates the role of HIV on the epidemiology, etiology and severity of diarrheal disease among children.

METHODS:

The Global Enteric Multicenter Study enrolled children with moderate-to-severe (MSD) and less severe (LSD) diarrhea between December 2007 and November 2012. One to three controls for MSD cases and one per LSD case were enrolled and matched by age, sex and neighborhood. All children were tested for HIV. Clinical, anthropometric data and stools were collected. A follow-up was performed at 60 days.

RESULTS:

214 MSD cases and 418 controls, together with 349 LSD cases and 214 controls were tested. HIV prevalence among MSD cases was 25% (4% for matched controls) and 6% among LSD cases (6% among matched controls). HIV-infected children were more likely to have MSD (OR=5.6, p< 0.0001). Mortality rates were higher among HIV-infected children compared with uninfected (34 vs. 5 per 1000 children-weeks at risk; p=0.0039). Cryptosporidium, Giardia, EAEC (aatA only) were more prevalent among HIV-infected M CONCLUSION: HIV is an important risk factor for MSD. The high mortality rate implies that children with MSD should be screened for HIV and managed accordingly.