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A 13-week subchronic toxicity study of acetaminophen using an obese rat model.

J Toxicol Sci; 43(7): 423-433, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29973474
Although obesity is increasing worldwide, experimental studies examining the possible association between obesity and susceptibility to chemical toxicity are limited. In the present study, we performed a 13-week toxicity study for acetaminophen (APAP), a well-known drug that exhibits hepatotoxicity as an adverse effect, using an obese rat model to investigate the differences in susceptibility between obese and normal individuals. Male F344 and obese Zucker (lean and fatty) rats were administered 0, 80, 253, 800, 2,530, or 8,000 ppm APAP in the diet for 13 weeks. No significant toxicity related to APAP treatment was observed in terms of clinical signs and hematology in all three strains. Body weight gain in F344 and lean rats was significantly decreased by 8,000 ppm APAP treatment. Significant increases in serum total cholesterol level and relative liver weights were detected in F344 rats in the highest dose group. On histopathological assessment, centrilobular hepatocellular hypertrophy was observed in the 8,000 ppm groups of F344 and lean rats, whereas no histopathological changes were induced by APAP in fatty rats. The no-observed-adverse-effect levels (NOAELs) of APAP were evaluated to be 2,530 ppm in F344 and lean rats (142.1 and 152.8 mg/kg bw/day, respectively) and more than 8,000 ppm in fatty rats (> 539.9 mg/kg bw/day). These results suggested that obese Zucker rats may be less susceptible to APAP-dependent toxicity in the liver than their lean counterparts.