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Feasibility study using iodine quantification on dual-energy CT enterography to distinguish normal small bowel from active inflammatory Crohn's disease.

Acta Radiol; : 284185118799508, 2018 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30185070
Background Assessment of Crohn's disease (CD) activity is important to identify patients with active inflammation for therapy management. Quantitative analysis can provide objective measurement of disease presence. Purpose To evaluate the feasibility of quantitative analysis of contrast-enhanced dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) data in detection of small bowel inflammation in patients with CD with an emphasis on iodine quantification. Material and Methods DECT enterography was prospectively performed in 20 patients with active CD and in 20 healthy individuals, as the control group. Iodine overlay images were created. Wall thickness, attenuation, absolute iodine density, relative iodine density, and fat fraction were measured in the terminal ileum of all patients by two radiologists. Intraclass correlation coefficients were calculated to assess inter-rater agreement. Parameters were compared between patient groups using mixed model analysis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed. Results Both absolute and relative iodine density were significantly higher in active disease than in normal small bowel (all P < 0.001). In contrast, measurement of fat fraction was not significantly different in affected terminal ileal loops compared to normal terminal ileum ( P = 0.075). ROC analysis demonstrated a similar excellent diagnostic accuracy of wall thickness, attenuation, and absolute and relative iodine density with area under the ROC curve (AUC) values in the range of 0.96 for attenuation to 1 for relative iodine density. Conclusion DECT with iodine quantification can be used in distinguishing normal small bowel from active inflammatory CD. Further research should investigate the value of iodine quantification in grading CD activity and in monitoring therapeutic response.