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Glycation of fish protein impacts its fermentation metabolites and gut microbiota during in vitro human colonic fermentation.

Food Res Int; 113: 189-196, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30195513
The aim of this study was to investigate the fermentation properties of fish protein (FP) glycated with glucose at two different heating time (24 h and 48 h, 50 °C, GFP24 and GFP48), using an in vitro batch fermentation model of human distal colon. The heated fish protein in absent of glucose was also as controls. The lower glycation extent of fish protein, with a lower browning intensity and bound sugar, enhanced the production of acetate and propionate. The formation of indole and ammonia was inhibited by the glycation of fish protein, but less affected by its glycation extent. Compared to FP, the glycation of fish protein significantly increased (p < .05) the relative abundance of genera Lactococcus for GFP24 (47%) and GFP48 (71%), whereas decreased dominant genera Bacteroides for GFP24 (32%) and GFP48 (23%). Compared to GFP24, GFP48 indicated significantly higher relative abundance of Holdemania, Streptococcus, Enterococcus and Lactobacillus, and lower amounts of Parabacteroides (p < .05). In the meantime, the heated treatments in the absent of glucose resulted in the increase of some genera Dialister, Arobacter, Clostridium_sensu_stricto_1, Phascolarctobacterium and Veillonella, and also ammonia production. Furthermore, the correlation analysis confirmed that the glycation of fish protein for the decrease of ammonia and indole production was associated with the changes of some proteolytic bacteria genera, including Bacteroides, Dialister and Parabacteroides. Thus, the glycated fish protein rich in Amadori products greatly change the profiles of fermentation metabolite and gut microbiota, and these changes can have a potential impact on host health.