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Clinical application of a multiplex genetic pathogen detection system remaps the aetiology of diarrhoeal infections in Shanghai.

Gut Pathog; 10: 37, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30214488

BACKGROUND:

Culture-based diagnostic methods cannot achieve rapid and precise diagnoses for the identification of multiple diarrhoeal pathogens (DPs). A high-throughput multiplex genetic detection system (HMGS) was adapted and evaluated for the simultaneous identification and differentiation of infectious DPs and a broad analysis of DP infection aetiology.

RESULTS:

DP-HMGS was highly sensitive and specific for DP detection compared with culture-based techniques and was similar to singleplex real-time PCR. The uniform level of sensitivity of DP-HMGS for all DPs allowed us to remap the aetiology of acute diarrhoeal infections in Shanghai, correcting incidences of massively underdiagnosed DP species with accuracy approaching that of sequencing-based methods. The most frequent DPs were enteropathogenic , rotavirus and . DP-HMGS detected two additional causes of infectious diarrhoea that were previously missed by routine culture-based methods: enterohemorrhagic and . We demonstrated the age dependence of specific DP distributions, especially the distributions of rotavirus, intestinal adenovirus and in paediatric patients as well as those of dominant bacterial infections in adults, with a distinct "top 3" pattern for each age group. Finally, the multiplexing capability and high sensitivity of DP-HMGS allowed the detection of infections co-induced by multiple pathogens (approximately 1/3 of the cases), with some DPs preferentially co-occurring as infectious agents.

CONCLUSIONS:

DP-HMGS has been shown to be a rapid, specific, sensitive and appropriate method for the simultaneous screening/detection of polymicrobial DP infections in faecal specimens. Widespread use of DP-HMGS is likely to advance routine diagnostic and clinical studies on the aetiology of acute diarrhoea.