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Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP), HDL capacity of receiving cholesterol and status of inflammatory cytokines in patients with severe heart failure.

Lipids Health Dis; 17(1): 242, 2018 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30342531

BACKGROUND:

Heart failure (HF) courses with chronic inflammatory process and alterations in lipid metabolism may aggravate the disease. The aim was to test whether the severity of HF, using brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) as a marker, is associated with alterations in functional aspects of HDL, such as lipid transfer, cholesterol ester transfer protein (CETP) and lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) concentration.

METHODS:

Twenty-five HF patients in NYHA class I/II and 23 in class III/IV were enrolled. Plasma lipids, apolipoproteins, CETP, LCAT, oxidized-LDL (oxLDL) and paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) activity were determined. Lipid transfer from a donor artificial nanoparticle to HDL was measured by in vitro assay.

RESULTS:

Total cholesterol (p = 0.049), LDL-C (p = 0.023), non-HDL-C (p = 0.029) and CETP, that promotes lipid transfer among lipoproteins (p = 0.013), were lower in III/IV than in I/II group. Triglycerides, HDL-C, apo A-I, apo B, oxLDL, LCAT, enzyme that catalyzes serum cholesterol esterification, PON-1 activity, and in vitro transfers of cholesterol, triglycerides and phospholipids to HDL, important steps in HDL metabolism, were equal. IL-8 was higher in III/IV (p = 0.025), but TNFα, IL-1ß, IL-6 and MCP-1 were equal. BNP was negatively correlated with CETP (r = - 0.294; p = 0.042) and positively correlated with IL-8 (r = 0.299; p = 0.039).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results disclosed the relationship between CETP levels and HF severity, by comparing two HF groups and by correlation analysis. Lower CETP levels may be a marker of HF aggravation and possibly of worse prognosis. Practical applications of this initial finding, as the issue whether CETP could be protective against HF aggravation, should be explored in larger experimental and clinical studies.