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Fabrication of MnO -CeO /cordierite catalysts doped with FeO and CuO for preferable catalytic oxidation of chlorobenzene.

Environ Technol; : 1-13, 2018 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30379618
A series of MnO -CeO catalysts with MO doping (M = Cu, Fe, Co and La) supported on cordierite were synthesized by the citric acid complex method, showing preferable catalytic oxidation of chlorobenzene. The distribution of active oxides, surface areas, as well as the structural morphology of M-MnO -CeO catalysts varied with the different Mn/Ce and M/Mn molar ratios. Meanwhile, physicochemical properties of these catalysts were characterized by XRD, BET, SEM, TEM, H -TPR and IR. More importantly, the catalytic oxidation routes were also investigated where the process was from chlorobenzene to CO , H O, HCl and other by-products for the FeO -MnO -CeO and CuO-MnO -CeO catalysts. The CuO-MnO -CeO catalysts showed a higher chlorobenzene conversion, and the measured light-off temperature T was approximately 400°C. However, a large amount of chloropropane as main by-products was observed. For the FeO -MnO -CeO catalysts, more carbon monoxide could be found with inadequate oxidation. Comparative analyses of two catalysts indicated that the main cause of the oxidation activities and mechanisms were different in the oxidation capacity and water absorbability of FeO and CuO. Nevertheless, all of these catalysts did not exhibit any deactivation due to chloride with a high reaction temperature, with chloride transformed to form HCl in the off-gas stream.