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Synthesis and biological evaluation of bifendate derivatives bearing acrylamide moiety as novel antioxidant agents.

Eur J Med Chem; 162: 59-69, 2018 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30408749
Oxidative stress plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of various human diseases. In this study, a series of bifendate derivatives bearing acrylamide moiety were synthesized and evaluated as anti-oxidant agents. Biological evaluation indicated that compounds 6a and 6e displayed more potent cytoprotective effect against H O -induced HBZY-1 mesangial cells death than lead compound bifendate and positive control resveratrol and sulforaphane. Preliminary anti-oxidant mechanism studies showed that compound 6e could diminish the ROS accumulation by dose- and time-dependently activating Nrf2 and increasing the expression of downstream detoxification enzymes NQO-1, HO-1, GCLM and GCLC at protein and mRNA levels, thus displaying potent anti-oxidant activity. Interestingly, the Nrf2 activating effect of 6e is achieved, at least partly, in Michael acceptor and Keap1-dependent manners. These results, together with the low intrinsic cytotoxicity, suggested that compound 6e might be a promising lead for the development of novel anti-oxidant agents to prevent diseases induced by oxidative stress.