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Micron-Sized Nanoporous Antimony with Tunable Porosity for High-Performance Potassium-Ion Batteries.

ACS Nano; 2018 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30481455
Potassium-ion batteries (KIBs) are considered favorable candidates for post-lithium-ion batteries, a quality attributed to their low cost, abundance as a resource, and high working potential (-2.93 V for K/K). Owning to its relatively low potassiation potential and high theoretical capacity, antimony (Sb) is one of the most favorable anodes for KIBs. However, the large volume changes during K-Sb alloying and dealloying causes fast capacity degradation. In this report, nanoporous Sb (NP-Sb) is fabricated by an environmentally friendly vacuum-distillation method. The NP-Sb is formed via evaporating low-boiling-point zinc (Zn). The byproduct Zn can be recycled. It is further found that the morphology and porosity can be controlled by adjusting Zn-Sb composition and distillation temperature. The nanoporous structure can accommodate volume expansion and accelerate ion transport. The NP-Sb anode delivers an improved electrochemical performance. These results suggest that the vacuum-distillation method may provide a direction for the green, large-scale, and tunable fabrication of nanoporous materials.