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Molecular cloning and functional characterization of a short peptidoglycan recognition protein from triangle-shell pearl mussel (Hyriopsis cumingii).

Fish Shellfish Immunol; 86: 571-580, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30529463
Peptidoglycan (PGN) is an important target of recognition in invertebrate innate immunity. PGN recognition proteins (PGRPs) are responsible for PGN recognition. In this study, we cloned and functionally analyzed a short PGRP (HcPGRP2) from the triangle-shell pearl mussel Hyriopsis cumingii. The full-length cDNA sequence of HcPGRP2 gene was 1185 bp containing an open reading frame of 882 bp encoding a 293 amino acid protein. HcPGRP2 was predicted to have two SH3b domains and a conserved C-terminal PGRP domain. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR showed that HcPGRP2 was expressed in all examined tissues and its expression was induced most significantly by Staphylococcus aureus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus in the hepatopancreas and gills. RNA interference by siRNA results revealed that HcPGRP2 was involved in the regulation of whey acidic protein, theromacin, and defensin expression. As a pattern-recognition receptor, recombinant HcPGRP2 (rHcPGRP2) protein can bind and agglutinate (Ca2+ dependent) all tested bacteria. rHcPGRP2 exhibited specific binding to PGN but not to lipopolysaccharide. Moreover, rHcPGRP2 inhibited the growth activities of S. aureus and V. parahaemolyticus in vitro and accelerated the clearance of V. parahaemolyticus in vivo. Overall, our results indicated that HcPGRP2 may play an important role in the antibacterial immune mechanisms of H. cumingii.