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The critical role of microRNAs in stress response: Therapeutic prospect and limitation.

Pharmacol Res; 142: 294-302, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30553824
Stress response refers to the systemic nonspecific response upon exposure to strong stimulation or chronic stress, such as severe trauma, shock, infection, burn, major surgery or improper environment, which disturb organisms and damage their physical and psychological health. However, the pathogenesis of stress induced disorder remains complicated and diverse under different stress exposure. Recently, studies have revealed a specific role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in regulating cellular function under different types of stress, suggesting a significant role in the treatment and prevention of stress-related diseases, such as stress ulcer, posttraumatic stress disorder, stress-induced cardiomyopathy and so on. This paper have reviewed the literature on microRNA related stress diseases in different databases including PubMed, Web of Science, and the MiRbase. It considers only peer-reviewed papers published in English between 2004 and 2018. This review summarizes new advances in principles and mechanisms of miRNAs regulating stress signalling pathway and the role of miRNAs in human stress diseases. This comprehensive review is to provide an integrated account of how different stresses affect miRNAs and how stress-miRNA pathways may, in turn, be linked with disease, which offers some potential strategies for stress disorder treatment. Furthermore, the limitation of current studies and challenges for clinical use are discussed.