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In Vivo Characterization of Corneal Changes in a Type 1 Diabetic Animal Model.

Ultrasound Med Biol; 45(3): 823-832, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30606634
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease that affects 9% of the adult population, promoting an increase in glucose concentration that affects the corneal structure, namely, its thickness, as well as the constituents and flow of the aqueous humor. In this study, high-frequency transducers (20-MHz and 50-MHz) were used to measure and characterize changes in the corneal and aqueous humor in streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetic rats followed over 8 weeks. Increases of 24.6 and 15.4 µm in central corneal thickness were measured with the 20-MHz and 50-MHz probes, respectively, in DM rats (p < 0.001). The increases in thickness of the different corneal layers ranged from 7% to 17%. Structural alterations of the aqueous humor were also studied by relating the amplitudes of the anterior lens and posterior cornea boundary signals, the result of which was denominated by pseudo-attenuation. The results revealed an increase of 49% at week 8 compared with the baseline values (p < 0.020, with the 50-MHz probe). This study illustrated that high-frequency ultrasound can be used to measure corneal layer thickness and study the alterations promoted by diabetes in the eye's anterior segment. Those assessments may allow early detection of DM, improving the monitoring of diabetic patients.