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Sinistral Portal Hypertension in Acute Pancreatitis: A Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study.

Pancreas; 48(2): 187-192, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30629031

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of the study was to study the prevalence and characteristics of sinistral portal hypertension (SPH) in acute pancreatitis (AP) and its correlation with the severity of AP.

METHODS:

Retrospectively studied 633 patients with AP admitted to our institution and underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Diagnosis of SPH was based on clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, and MRI. The venous system and pancreatitis were evaluated on T1 weighted imaging, T2 weighted imaging, and dynamic-enhancement MRI. Data on patients' demographics, etiology, organ failure, MR severity index, and clinical outcomes were all collected.

RESULTS:

The SPH was detected in 21 patients (3.3%, 21/633). There was no statistical difference in organ failure between patients with SPH and without SPH (P > 0.05). The prevalence of SPH in males and females was 5.1% (17/336) versus 1.3% (4/297) (χ(2) = 6.775, P = 0.009), in edematous and necrotizing AP was 0.4% (2/510) versus 15.5% (19/123) (χ(2) = 65.413, P = 0.000), and in mild, moderate, and severe AP, based on MR severity index, were 0.6% (2/334) versus 2.9% (8/276) versus 47.8% (11/23) (χ(2) = 55.977, P = 0.000), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

The SPH rarely occurs in AP, and its risk is higher in males. Its presence is strongly associated with the local conditions of pancreatitis.