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Effects of subitems in the colorectal cancer screening protocol on the Chinese colorectal cancer screening program: an analysis based on natural community screening results.

BMC Cancer; 19(1): 47, 2019 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30630450


To date, no single colorectal cancer (CRC) screening strategy has been determined to be applicable worldwide. In China, a CRC screening protocol that combines double fecal immunochemical tests (FITs) and a high-risk factor questionnaire (HRFQ) as the first stage of screening and colonoscopy as the second stage of screening (scenario A) was adapted by the Chinese Ministry of Health in 2006. However, applying this CRC screening protocol nationally remains difficult because its effectiveness and convenience are controversial. This study evaluated the effects of subitems of the CRC screening protocol in China.


CRC screening results (scenario A) from Jiashan County, China, (2007-2009) were used to analyze the detection rates of CRC and advanced neoplasms as well as the cost-effectiveness of the protocol. Scenario A was divided into scenarios B-G (by selecting some items at the first stage of screening) for analysis.


Compared with scenario A, removing the whole HRFQ (scenario F) reduced advanced neoplasm and adenoma detections by 29.8 and 41.2%, respectively, whereas the whole HRFQ accounted for 10.1% of the total screening cost. Removing FITs (scenario G) reduced CRC, advanced neoplasm and adenoma detections by 71.8, 56.9 and 47.7%, respectively, and the costs per case of CRC and advanced neoplasm were 82.0 and 19.1% higher, respectively, than those in scenario A. In scenarios B-E (deleting some high-risk factor questions on the HRFQ), the odds ratios (ORs) of the detection rates and costs per CRC, advanced neoplasm, adenoma, and neoplasm case were near 1.00. Scenarios C and D reduced the high-risk population and total screening costs by less than 6.0 and 4.1%, respectively. Scenarios E and B (FITs and a personal history of cancer or colorectal adenoma were reserved) reduced the high-risk population by 17.6 and 24.2% and the total screening costs by 11.2 and 15.4%, respectively, while the numbers of CRC cases were not missed, and advanced neoplasms detected decreased by only 5 and 11%, respectively.


The results of this study demonstrate that FITs and a personal history of colorectal adenoma are the most effective items in the Chinese CRC screening protocol.