Your browser doesn't support javascript.

Portal Regional da BVS

Informação e Conhecimento para a Saúde

Home > Pesquisa > ()
XML
Imprimir Exportar

Formato de exportação:

Exportar

Email
Adicionar mais destinatários
| |

Effect of polyoma viremia on 3-year allograft kidney function.

Transpl Infect Dis; 21(2): e13056, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30712328

BACKGROUND:

Polyoma viremia is associated with damage to renal tubular and urothelial cells. This may imply that a certain level of viremia, even cleared thereafter, could be associated with long-term renal dysfunction.

METHODS:

We, retrospectively, analyzed 390 first renal transplants adult recipients (≥18 years) who were monitored for BK viremia in the first 12 months and evaluated estimated GFR (MDRD-4 equation) at 1 month and at the last follow-up (959 ± 392 days).

RESULTS:

One hundred and ninety-nine patients (51%) developed at least one positive viremia: 105 (53%) low viremia (<104  copies/mL), 36 (18%) high viremia (4 × 104  > viremia ≥ 104  copies/mL) and 58 (15%) viremia (≥4 × 104  copies/mL) consistent with polyoma virus associated nephropathy (PyVAN). Out of these 58 patients, 24 (6%) developed bx-proven (SV40+) PyVAN and 34(8.7%) presumptive PyVAN (SV40-). Baseline characteristics, immunosuppression, KDRI, rejection episodes, etc., did not differ among groups but there were more deceased donors and ATG induction therapy in the high viremia group. At last follow-up, all patients in the low, high viremia and presumptive PyVAN (except 2) had cleared BK viremia. Bx-proven PyVAN led to 14 graft losses, 10 due to PyVAN. In the presumptive PyVAN there was only one graft loss registered as due to PyVAN. eGFR, at 1 month after KTx, did not differ among groups (51 ± 22 vs 48 ± 24 vs 45 ± 27 vs 43 ± 18 vs 46 ± 22 mL/min/1.73 m2 ), for no, low and high viremia as well for presumptive PyVAN and bx-proven PyVAN groups, respectively. At the last follow-up, eGFR did not differ between the no, low, and high viremia compared to baseline and to each other but was statistically lower in the presumptive and bx-proven PyVAN (38 ± 15 and 17 ± 7 mL/min/1.73 m2 ) either compared to baseline or to the other groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study shows that low and high levels of BK viremia do not lead to GFR changes although very high viremia levels, compatible with presumptive or bx-proven PyVAN, even if cleared thereafter, lead to allograft damage and decreased GFR.