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CFTR structure, stability, function and regulation.

Biol Chem; 2019 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30738013
Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is a unique member of the ATP-binding cassette family of proteins because it has evolved into a channel. Mutations in CFTR cause cystic fibrosis, the most common genetic disease in people of European origin. The F508del mutation is found in about 90% of patients and here we present data that suggest its main effect is on CFTR stability rather than on the three-dimensional (3D) folded state. A survey of recent cryo-electron microscopy studies was carried out and this highlighted differences in terms of CFTR conformation despite similarities in experimental conditions. We further studied CFTR structure under various phosphorylation states and with the CFTR-interacting protein NHERF1. The coexistence of outward-facing and inward-facing conformations under a range of experimental conditions was suggested from these data. These results are discussed in terms of structural models for channel gating, and favour the model where the mostly disordered regulatory-region of the protein acts as a channel plug.