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Chlamydia trachomatis infection among patients attending sexual and reproductive health clinics: A cross-sectional study in Bao'an District, Shenzhen, China.

PLoS One; 14(2): e0212292, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30779755
This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of chlamydial trachomatis (CT) infection and explore its risk factors among patients attending sexual and reproductive health clinics in Shenzhen, China. We collected demographic and clinical information from attendees (aged 18-49). CT and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) infection was determined by nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT) on self-collected urine specimens. Of 1,938 participants recruited, 10.3% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 9.6%-11.0%) tested positive for CT. Prevalence was similar between men (10.6% [85/804]; 95% CI, 9.5%-11.7%) and women (10.1% [115/1134]; 95% CI: 9.2%-11.0%). Being 18-25 years old (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 2.52; 95%CI:1.35-4.71), never tested for CT before (aOR = 2.42; 95%CI: 1.05-5.61) and infected with NG(aOR = 3.87; 95%CI: 2.10-7.10) were independently associated with CT infection. We found that CT infection is prevalent among patients attending sexual and reproductive health clinics in Shenzhen, China. A comprehensive program including CT screening, surveillance and treatment is urgently needed.