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Phloroglucinols with Immunosuppressive Activities from the Fruits of Eucalyptus globulus.

J Nat Prod; 82(4): 859-869, 2019 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30848923
Five new phloroglucinol derivatives, eucalyptins C-G (1-5), together with 13 known analogues (6-18) were isolated from the fruits of Eucalyptus globulus. The structures and absolute configurations of 1-5 were established by means of spectroscopic data analysis, computational calculation methods, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Compounds 1-18 were investigated for their immunosuppressive effects in vitro, and 1, 2, 6, and 7 displayed moderate inhibitory activities with IC50 values of 11.8, 10.2, 18.2, and 19.1 µM, respectively. The stimulation index (SI) of 1 was 64.2 and was compared to that of cyclosporine A (SI = 149.57). Further study demonstrated that 1 exhibited an immunosuppressive effect through inducing apoptosis and inhibiting cytokine secretion.