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[Clinical application of renal autotransplantation in complex urological diseases].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi; 99(12): 907-911, 2019 Mar 26.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30917439

OBJECTIVE:

To summarize the experience of renal autotransplantation for severe iatrogenic proximal ureteral damage and renal artery aneurysms in eight patients and to explore the clinical application value of renal autotransplantation.

METHODS:

Two patients of renal artery aneurysms and six patients of severe iatrogenic proximal ureteral damage between January 2010 and March 2018 in our center were retrospectively reviewed.

RESULTS:

The procedures of eight cases were successful, with immediate return of renal function in the patients. The warm ischemia time was (3±1) minutes, the total operation time was (340±164) min, and the estimated blood loss was (180±60) ml, respectively. For renal artery anastomosis, six patients of severe iatrogenic proximal ureteral damage received end-to-end anastomosis between the internal iliac artery and renal artery, and two patients of renal artery aneurysms were treated with renal artery and internal iliac artery for reconstruction, then end-to-side anastomosis to recipien external iliac artery. A direct ureterovesical anastomosis was performed in seven patients, one patient was received pyeloureteroplasty. No serious complications of blood vessel and ureter were found during perioperative and long-term follow-up. All cases follow-up hitherto have normal renal function and blood pressure.

CONCLUSIONS:

Renal autotransplantation can be appropriate for patients with proximal ureteral loss and complex hilar renal artery aneurysms. In addition, it is able to protect renal functions to the most extent and provides a surgical alterative for complex renal diseases.