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Improvement of quality of life and mental health in patients with spasmodic torticollis after microvascular decompression.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg; 180: 57-60, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30933844

OBJECTIVE:

Although not life threatening, spasmodic torticollis (ST) impairs patients' daily activity, socialization and work. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of life (QOL) and mental health in patients with ST after microvascular decompression (MVD).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

From June 2014 to June 2017, patients with ST who underwent MVD in our department were included in this study. Toronto Western Sparse Torticollis Rating Scale (TWSTRS) were used to evaluate the ST symptoms. Quality of life was assessed by the craniocervical dystonia questionnaire (CDQ-24). Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) were used to evaluate the mental health. Intraoperative findings and follow-up results were analyzed.

RESULTS:

A total of 104 consecutive patients were enrolled in this study. At the 12 months follow-up, the total effective rate was 81.73%. After MVD surgery, 88(84.62%) ST patients experienced QOL improvement. The severity of ST symptoms was positively correlated with the CDQ-24 score(r = 0.31, P = 0.02). Forty-eight patients (46.16%) with ST have moderate to severe depression and nine (8.65%) have depression preoperatively. Pain and disability domains of TWSTRS were found have high relation with BDI-II score(r = 0.27, P = 0.02; r = 0.33, P = 0.03). There was a positive correlation of educational levels with the BDI-II scores(r = 0.45, P = 0.02).

CONCLUSION:

ST affects patients' QOL both physically and mentally. MVD for ST not only provides high spasm-relief rate but also leads to significantly higher QOL after surgery. Not only ST symptoms, but also psychiatric status of patients should be routinely followed. Psychological care and psychopharmaceuticals should also be considered for these patients.