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The immunoregulatory effects of CD8 T-cell-derived perforin on diet-induced nonalcoholic steatohepatitis.

FASEB J; : fj201802534RR, 2019 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30951375
The liver is a central immunologic organ with a high density of myeloid and lymphoid immune cells that play important roles in the development and progression of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). However, the immune-cell-mediated regulation of NASH and its underlying mechanisms remain obscure. In this study, Prf1 mice showed significantly higher plasma alanine transaminase levels, with increased liver fat accumulation, lobular inflammation, and focal necrosis compared with wild-type (WT) mice after 4 wk of feeding on a methionine- and choline-deficient diet (MCD) or 16 wk of feeding on a high-fat diet. Perforin deficiency promoted the M1 polarization of infiltrated monocytes. Moreover, MCD-fed Prf1 mice exhibited increased accumulation, survival, activation, and proinflammatory cytokine production of CD8 T cells but not NK cells or CD4 T cells. Adoptive transfer of CD8 T cells or NK cells from WT or Prf1 mice, together with non-CD8 cells or non-NK cells from WT mice, indicated that CD8 T-cell-derived perforin participates in the mechanism regulating liver inflammation and thus plays a protective role in the development of NASH. Perforin-deficient CD8 T cells exhibited decreased cytotoxicity toward bone marrow-derived M1 monocytes and macrophages. According to the RNA sequencing data, the perforin deficiency inhibited cell apoptosis and enhanced the activation, migration, and proinflammatory cytokine production of CD8 T cells in mice with NASH. Furthermore, we found higher plasma soluble perforin levels and hepatic perforin expression in NASH patients, suggesting clinical relevance of the findings. We have elucidated an important role for the cytotoxic immune effector molecule perforin from CD8 T cells in restricting hepatic inflammation in mice with NASH and suggest that therapies designed to maximize the function of endogenous perforin in CD8 T cells might have potential benefits as NASH treatments.-Wang, T., Sun, G., Wang, Y., Li, S., Zhao, X., Zhang, C., Jin, H., Tian, D., Liu, K., Shi, W., Tian, Y., Zhang, D. The immunoregulatory effects of CD8 T-cell-derived perforin on diet-induced nonalcoholic steatohepatitis.