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Preparation of core-shell magnetic molecularly imprinted polymer nanoparticle for the rapid and selective enrichment of trace diuron from complicated matrices.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf; 177: 66-76, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30974245
A novel magnetic MIPs (DUMIPs) was prepared by surface molecular imprinting method using superparamagnetic core-shell nanoparticle (Fe3O4@SiO2) as the sacrificial support matrix, herbicide diuron as template, α-methacrylic acid as the functional monomer, trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate as the crosslinker, azobisisobutyronitrile as the initiator, and acetonitrile as the porogen. Highly cross-linked porous surface and excellent magnetic property were characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and vibrating sample magnetometer, respectively. The adsorption capacity of DUMIPs was 8.1 mg g-1, 2.6-fold over its corresponding non-imprinted polymers (DUNIPs). The adsorption in DUMIPs was considered as multilayer adsorption and posed high affinity to diuron, due to the better fitting to Freundilich isotherm. Competitive recognition study demonstrated DUMIPs had highly selective binding diuron. DUMIPs, as an influential sorbent has been used for selective extraction of diuron from environmental samples (paddy field water, paddy soil and grain seedlings) and the elution was determined by high efficiency liquid chromatography (HPLC). In this analytical method, various factors affecting the extraction efficiency such as pH, sorbent dosage, utilization efficiency and volumes of eluent were simultaneously investigated. Under the optimal conditions, the linearity of the method obtained is in the range of 0.02-10.0 mg L-1. The limit of detection is 0.012 mg L-1. In four spiked levels (0.04, 0.2, 1.0, and 4.0 mg kg-1), the recoveries of diuron in real samples are in the range of 83.56%-116.10% with relative standard deviations in the range of 1.21-6.81%. Importantly, compared to C18-SPE column, the MMIPs exhibited convenient separation by external magnetic field, strong clean-up capacity, and selective enrichment for diuron. Thus, the DUMIPs-based method is great potential for efficient sample preparation in the determination of trace amounts of diuron residues in complex matrices.