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Comparative metabolomics analysis of different resistant rice varieties in response to the brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens Hemiptera: Delphacidae.

Metabolomics; 15(4): 62, 2019 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30976994

INTRODUCTION:

The brown planthopper (BPH, Nilaparvata lugens Stål, Hemiptera: Delphacidae) is one of the most devastating insect pests of the crucially important cereal crop, rice (Oryza sativa L.). Currently, multiple BPH-resistant rice varieties have been cultivated and generalized to control BPH. However, the defence metabolic responses and their modes of action against BPH in different rice cultivars remain uncharacterized.

OBJECTIVE:

We used a non-biased metabolomics approach to explore the differences in metabolite profiles in response to BPH infestation in the susceptible TN1 rice cultivar and two resistant cultivars (IR36 and IR56).

METHODS:

The metabolomic detection based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) was performed to investigate the content changes of identified metabolites in TN1, IR36 and IR56 rice varieties at various time points (0 h, 24 h, 48 h and 96 h) post BPH feeding. The differentially expressed metabolites were screened and the corresponding metabolic pathways were further enriched.

RESULTS:

The results showed that compared to that in TN1, the content changes of most primary metabolites were more stable, but the concentration alterations of some defence-related metabolites were more acute and persistent in IR36 and IR56. Furthermore, the differentially expressed pathways analysis revealed that cyanoamino acids and lipids metabolism was persistently induced in IR36, but changes in thiamine, taurine and hypotaurine metabolism were more significant in IR56 during BPH infestation. Besides, the contents of quercetin and spermidine which were harmful to BPH fitness, were significantly elevated by BPH in TN1 and IR36, and the quercetin level was significantly decreased during BPH feeding in IR56.

CONCLUSION:

The results of the differences in metabolite profiles in response to BPH infestation in different rice cultivars were useful to clarify the metabolic mechanism of rice plants during BPH infestation and to provide new resources to control this insect pest.