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Effects of Programmed Local Delivery from a Micro/Nano-Hierarchical Surface on Titanium Implant on Infection Clearance and Osteogenic Induction in an Infected Bone Defect.

Adv Healthc Mater; 8(11): e1900002, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30985090
The two major causes for implant failure are postoperative infection and poor osteogenesis. Initial period of osteointegration is regulated by immunocytes and osteogenic-related cells resulting in inflammatory response and tissue healing. The healing phase can be influenced by various environmental factors and biological cascade effect. To synthetically orchestrate bone-promoting factors on biomaterial surface, built is a dual delivery system coated on a titanium surface (abbreviated as AH-Sr-AgNPs). The results show that this programmed delivery system can release Ag+ and Sr2+ in a temporal-spatial manner to clear pathogens and activate preosteoblast differentiation partially through manipulating the polarization of macrophages. Both in vitro and in vivo assays show that AH-Sr-AgNPs-modified surface renders a microenvironment adverse for bacterial survival and favorable for macrophage polarization (M2), which further promotes the differentiation of preosteoblasts. Infected New Zealand rabbit femoral metaphysis defect model is used to confirm the osteogenic property of AH-Sr-AgNPs implants through micro-CT, histological, and histomorphometric analyses. These findings demonstrate that the programmed surface with dual delivery of Sr2+ and Ag+ has the potential of achieving an enhanced osteogenic outcome through favorable immunoregulation.