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Rapid and non-destructive analysis for the identification of multi-grain rice seeds with near-infrared spectroscopy.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc; 219: 179-185, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31035128
The rapid and non-destructive discriminant analysis of rice seeds has great significance for large-scale agriculture. Using near-infrared (NIR) diffuse-reflectance spectroscopy with partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), a variety identification method of multi-grain rice seeds was developed. The equidistant combination method was adopted for large-range wavelength screening. A step-by-step phase-out method was proposed to eliminate interference wavelengths and improve the predicted effect. The optimal wavelength model was a combination of 54 wavelengths within 808-974 nm of the short-NIR region. One type of pure rice variety (Y Liangyou 900) was used for identification (negative). Positive samples included the other four pure varieties and contamination of Y Liangyou 900 by the above four varieties. The recognition-accuracy rates for positive, negative and total validation samples reached 93.1%, 95.1%, and 94.3%, respectively. In the long-NIR region, the local optimal wavelength model was a combination of 49 wavelengths within 1188-1650 nm, and the recognition-accuracy rates for positive, negative and total validation samples were 90.3%, 94.1%, and 92.5%, respectively. Results confirmed the feasibility of NIR spectroscopy for variety identification of multi-grain rice seeds. The proposed two discrete-wavelength models located in the short- and long-NIR regions can provide valuable reference to a dedicated spectrometer.