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The primary tumor location impacts survival outcome of colorectal liver metastases after hepatic resection: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Eur J Surg Oncol; 2019 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054852

OBJECTIVE:

Location of the primary tumor side has become an increasingly prognostic factor for colorectal liver metastasis. The present study was to perform a meta-analysis to investigate if primary right-sided tumor impacted on long-term survival outcome of colorectal liver metastases following local treatment.

METHOD:

Eligible trials were identified from the Embase, PubMed, Web of Science and the Cochrane database that were published before October in 2018. English language trials that compared long-term survival outcome of primary left-sided tumor with right-sided tumor colorectal liver metastases following local treatment were included. Hepatic resection for colorectal liver metastases was investigated. The main study outcomes included overall survival and disease free survival of primary right-sided colorectal liver metastases following local treatment. The risk factors of largest tumor size, primary node metastases, multiple tumor and RAS mutation were also analyzed. A systematic review and meta-analysis was done using a fixed-effects model. Hazard ratio with a 95% confidence interval was used to measure the pooled effect.

RESULTS:

A total of twelve studies with 6387 patients were included. For primary right-sided colorectal liver metastases patients following hepatic resection, the overall pooled HR for 5-year overall survival rate was 1.354 (95% CI: 1.238-1.482; p = 0.000; I2 = 33.7%, p = 0.138). The pooled HR for 5-year disease free survival rate of primary right-sided CRLM in the included studies calculated using the fix-effects model was 1.104 (95% CI: 0.987-1.235; p = 0.084; I2 = 0%, p = 0.477).

CONCLUSION:

It demonstrated that primary right-sided for colorectal liver metastases location was a significantly worse prognostic factor in terms of overall survival.