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Short communication: Enzymatic perspective of galactosidases reveals variations in lactose metabolism among Lactococcus lactis strains.

J Dairy Sci; 102(7): 6027-6031, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31056324
To date, most studies of lactose utilization have focused on the genetic diversity of lactic acid bacteria or its influence on product quality, but phenotypic evaluation has rarely been based on metabolic characteristics. In the present study, we investigated the growth, acid production, ß-galactosidase, and 6-phospho-ß-galactosidase activities of 16 Lactococcus lactis strains obtained from various habitats with lactose as the sole carbon source. The 15 L. lactis strains obtained from various habitats exhibited significant differences in growth and acid production characteristics in the de Man, Rogosa, and Sharpe-lactose broth, and 4 strains consumed more lactose when cultured in skim milk than the type strain ATCC 19435. Among these strains, DQHXNQ38-12 mainly produced acetoin and diacetyl when cultured in skim milk, whereas the strains 15M2 and 5G2 produced high levels of acid and formed curd rapidly. We concluded that the use of lactose is necessary for strain adaptation to the dairy niche. Comprehensive studies of lactose use and the fermentation characteristics of L. lactis are of significant importance.