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Long noncoding RNA FOXD3-AS1 promotes colon adenocarcinoma progression and functions as a competing endogenous RNA to regulate SIRT1 by sponging miR-135a-5p.

J Cell Physiol; 2019 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31058315
More and more documents have proved that the abnormal expression of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are correlated with the initiation and progression of colorectal cancer (CRC). lncRNA FOXD3-AS1 has been reported in glioma for its oncogenic property. According to the survival analysis of The Cancer Genome Atlas database, FOXD3-AS1 upregulation implied lower survival rate of patients with CRC. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction showed the overexpression of FOXD3-AS1 in both CRC tissues and cells. The Kaplan-Meier method demonstrated the prognostic value of FOXD3-AS1 for patients with CRC. To explore the effect of FOXD3-AS1 on CRC progression, loss-of-function experiments were carried out, whose results indicated that knockdown of FOXD3-AS1 suppressed cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, inhibited cell cycle and promoted cell apoptosis in vitro. In vivo experiments affirmed that FOXD3-AS1 affected tumor growth. FOXD3-AS1 expression was enriched in the cytoplasm of CRC cells. Mechanism experiments revealed that FOXD3-AS1 served as a competing endogenous RNA to upregulate SIRT1 by sponging miR-135a-5p. In addition, SIRT1 silencing also restrained cell proliferation and motility. Rescue assays revealed the biological function of FOXD3-AS1/miR-135a-5p/SIRT1 axis in CRC progression. In conclusion, FOXD3-AS1 promotes CRC progression by regulating miR-135a-5p/SIRT1 axis, shedding lights on the way to CRC treatments.