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Supramalleolar osteotomy with medial distraction arthroplasty for ankle osteoarthritis with talar tilt.

J Orthop Surg Res; 14(1): 120, 2019 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060592

BACKGROUND:

An increased preoperative talar tilt (TT) angle was reported to be positively correlated with treatment failure after supramalleolar osteotomy (SMOT) for varus ankle osteoarthritis. Distraction arthroplasty was reported to have the ability to correct increased TT angles. The purpose of the current study was to compare the outcomes between SMOT with and without medial distraction arthroplasty (MDA) in the treatment of varus ankle osteoarthritis with increased TT angles.

METHODS:

We retrospectively reviewed the functional outcomes and radiological findings of 34 patients who underwent SMOT with or without MDA for varus ankle osteoarthritis with increased TT angles. The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score and Ankle Osteoarthritis Scale (AOS) scores were used for functional evaluation. The tibial anterior surface (TAS) angle, talar tilt (TT) angle, tibial medial malleolar (TMM) angle, talocrural (TC) angle, tibial lateral surface (TLS) angle, and hindfoot alignment (HFA) angle were evaluated preoperatively and at the time of the last follow-up.

RESULTS:

In the SMOT group, the AOFAS score and AOS pain and function scores were significantly improved (P < 0.01 for each) at a mean follow-up of 61 months. The TAS, TT, TC, TLS, and HFA angles were all significantly improved (P < 0.01 for each). Similarly, in the SMOT with MDA group, the AOFAS score, AOS pain and function scores, and the TAS, TT, TC, TLS, and HFA angles were all significantly improved postoperatively (P < 0.01 for each). When comparing the two groups, the postoperative TT angle was significantly smaller in the SMOT with MDA group (P = 0.023) than in the SMOT group. In addition, the failure rate of TT angle correction was significantly higher in the SMOT group (P = 0.016) than in the SMOT with MDA group.

CONCLUSION:

SMOT is a promising procedure for functional improvement and malalignment correction for varus ankle osteoarthritis, even in patients with increased talar tilt. If SMOT is combined with MDA, there can be an improvement in the correction of the increased talar tilt.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, a retrospective comparative study.