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miR-324-5p protects against oxidative stress-induced endothelial progenitor cell injury by targeting Mtfr1.

J Cell Physiol; 2019 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31066044
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) belong to bone marrow-derived myeloid progenitor cells that have strong proliferative ability. Dysregulation of miRNAs after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) can result in EPCs injury, thus we hypothesize that correction of miRNA expression may contribute to the tolerance of EPCs against oxidative stress. The peripheral blood of healthy volunteers and patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) was clinically collected. EPCs derived from peripheral blood were transfected by miR-324-5p mimic and simultaneously handled with hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) to inducing EPCs injury. At 24 hrs after the H2 O2 treatment, cell viability, the uptake capacity on DiI-Ac-LDL, and carrying ability on FITC-UEA-l and multiplication capacity were analyzed. The mechanism process was carefully researched by valued the characteristics of the mitochondrion morphology, membrane potential, ATP levels, and the expressing of apoptosis pathways. Small RNA sequencing indicated that the expression level of miR-324-5p in peripheral blood EPCs of patients with STEMI was significantly lower compared with the healthy volunteers. The Mtfr1 has been confirmed as a targeted gene of miR-324-5p through miRTarBase software and western blot. The miR-324-5p mimic units could be contributed for the improvement of viability, the uptake capacity on DiI-Ac-LDL and carrying ability on FITC-UEA-l and multiplication capacity on oxidative stress-injured EPCs. miR-324-5p could suppress mitochondrial fragmentation, promote membrane potential, and ATP levels, as well as protect against oxidative stress-induced EPCs apoptosis. Our results suggested that miR-324-5p protects against oxidative stress-induced EPCs injury by regulating Mtfr1.