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Bright Free Exciton Electroluminescence from Mn-Doped Two-Dimensional Layered Perovskites.

J Phys Chem Lett; 10(11): 3171-3175, 2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119942
Two-dimensional (2D) perovskites incorporating hydrophobic organic spacer cations show improved film stability and morphology compared to their three-dimensional (3D) counterparts. However, 2D perovskites usually exhibit low photoluminescence quantum efficiency (PLQE) owing to strong exciton-phonon interaction at room temperature, which limits their efficiency in light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Here, we demonstrate that the device performance of 2D perovskite LEDs can be significantly enhanced by doping Mn2+ in (benzimidazolium)2PbI4 2D perovskite films to suppress the exciton-phonon interaction. The distorted [PbI6]4- octahedra by Mn-doping and the rigid benzimidazolium (BIZ) ring without branched chains in the 2D perovskite structure lead to improved crystallinity and rigidity of the perovskites, resulting in suppressed phonon-exciton interaction and enhanced PLQE. On the basis of this strategy, for the first time, we report yellow electroluminescence from free excitons in 2D ( n = 1) perovskites with a maximum brightness of 225 cd m-2 and a peak EQE of 0.045%.