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Trace metal comparative analysis of sinking particles and sediments from a coastal environment of the Jiaozhou Bay, North China: Influence from sediment resuspension.

Chemosphere; 232: 315-326, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31154193
To constrain the resuspension influence to the biogeochemical behavior of trace metals (TMs) in settling materials, the concentrations and chemical speciations of macro-elements (Al, Fe, Mn) and selected particulate TMs (V, Cr, Co, Cu, Zn, Ga, Sr, Cd, Ba, Tl, Pb, U) in trap-collected particles (TCPs), surface sediments (SS) and core sediment samples (CS5) of the Jiaozhou Bay were compared. Two approaches, mass conservation method and vertical two end-members mixing model, both calculated a resuspension ratio of more than 90%. Greater TM concentrations and Al-normalization levels than SS/CS5 determined the TCPs an important TM-sink, predominantly owing to grain-size effects and TCP-specific characteristics, i.e., structural capacity of organic-Fe associations for TMs' scavenging, preferential remineralization of TM than biogenic elements in autochthonous microorganisms. Comparison revealed distinct, Fe mineral controls on TM sequestration patterns: higher metal sequestration associated with amorphous Fe oxyhydroxides, while less reactive crystalline Fe oxides hold less metal. Nevertheless, turbulent hydrodynamics muted the wide TM retention divergences between TCP and SS, which should have happened based on different Fe minerals distribution for TCP/SS. The net effect of TM release by the organic carrier phase and then adsorption principally onto Mn/Fe oxyhydroxide phase for raised overall TCP-TM concentrations was also identified.