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Silibinin A decreases statin­induced PCSK9 expression in human hepatoblastoma HepG2 cells.

Mol Med Rep; 20(2): 1383-1392, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31173243
Hypercholesterolemia is one of the major risk factors for the occurrence and development of atherosclerosis. The most common drugs used to treat hypercholesterolemia are 3­hydroxy­3­methyl­glutaryl­CoA reductase inhibitors, known as statins. Statins induce a beneficial increase in the levels of the low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) and additionally upregulate proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), which leads to LDLR degradation. This process causes a negative feedback response that attenuates the lipid lowering effects of statins. Therefore, the development of PCSK9 inhibitors may increase the lipid­lowering functions of statins. In the present study, a drug­screening assay was developed using the human PCSK9 promoter, based on data from a dual­luciferase reporter assay, and the efficacies of various compounds from Traditional Chinese Medicine were examined. Among the compounds examined, SIL was demonstrated to function by targeting PCSK9. It was identified that SIL treatment decreased the expression levels of PCSK9 in HepG2 cells by decreasing the activity of the PCSK9 promoter in a dose­and time­dependent manner. Notably, SIL antagonized the statin­induced phosphorylation of the p38 MAPK signaling pathway. The present study suggested that SIL may be developed as a novel PCSK9 inhibitor that may increase the efficiency of statin treatment.